What makes a text a literary one? It is its characteristics, of course. The characteristics that provide a text with literary character are the following:
- Predominance of the poetic function over the referential function because it is not limited to communicating; it is about influencing the reader’s mood making him live emotions and feelings. The author shares his experiences with the reader, recreating them in him.
- It is absolutely ambiguous; it is this feature where the multiple interpretation possibilities reside.
- It is obviously connotative; it produces many possibilities of interpretation depending on the literary and personal context of the reader. Connotation is the essence of literary language.
- Richness of poetic resources such as literary figures. It is plentiful in images.
- Syntax is more flexible. The order of the elements may vary.
- Vocabulary is precise and irreplaceable. A word cannot be replaced by another one because the expressive power changes even if the idea remains the same.
- Words are chosen by their euphony.
- It has emotional weight.
- Harmonic disposition of its elements, produced by a good combination of words.
- The message creates a reality of its own, different from the surrounding reality.
- It can be explained and described but not proven.
- It is symbolic.
However, all of these characteristics cannot be isolated because a literary text is an invented, imaginary and fictional.